Hartmann, Nicolai

(1882-1950)
   philosopher; among the few German thinkers to advance a nonidealistic metaphysics. Born in Riga, Latvia, where he lost his father at an early age, he attended a German Gymnasium in St. Petersburg before studying medicine, classical languages, and philosophy. He completed his doctorate in 1907; his Habilitation was published in 1909 as Platos Logik des Seins (Plato's logic of being). Immersed in the neo-Kantianism of Hermann Cohen and Paul Natorp (both at Marburg), his early thought reveals a commitment to German idealism. Appointed ausserordentlicher Professor at Marburg in 1920, he succeeded Natorp in 1922. With Max Scheler's* support, he moved to Cologne in 1925, the year his esteemed three-volume study, Ethik (Ethics), was published. Despite an aversion to large cities, he accepted appoint-ment at Berlin* in 1931 as successor to Ernst Troeltsch* (he spent the final years of his career, after 1945, in Gottingen). Meanwhile, his initial affinity for Kant and systematic metaphysics gradually dissipated, largely under the impact of Edmund Husserl's* phenomenology.
   An atheist, Hartmann deemed himself a servant of progress in a spirit of scientific objectivity. His method consisted of two parts: first, a phenomeno-logical presentation of the facts; second, a systematic analysis of their con-tradictions. By 1925 not only was his philosophical approach remarkably un-German," but his writings were lucid and thorough, a feature that also conflicted with German tradition. Next to Ethik, his major Weimar-era work was the two-volume Philosophie des Deutschen Idealismus (Philosophy of German idealism), published in 1923 and 1929.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; EP, vol. 3; NDB, vol. 8.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Hartmann, Nicolai — ▪ German philosopher born Feb. 20, 1882, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire died Oct. 9, 1950, Göttingen, W.Ger.  one of the dominant figures in German philosophy during the first half of the 20th century.       After serving Germany in World War I,… …   Universalium

  • Nicolai Hartmann — Full name Nicolai Hartmann Born February 20, 1882(1882 02 20) Riga, Livonia Governorate, Russian Empire Died October 9, 1950(1950 10 09) (aged 68) Göttingen, West Germany Era …   Wikipedia

  • HARTMANN (N.) — HARTMANN NICOLAÏ (1882 1950) Philosophe allemand, né à Riga et mort à Göttingen, Nicolaï Hartmann, par la manière dont il aborde les problèmes de l’être et de la connaissance, se rattache au courant de la phénoménologie. Après des études à Saint… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicolai Hartmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hartmann. Nicolai Hartmann (en letton : Nikolajs Hartmanis) était un philosophe et professeur de philosophie allemand, né à Rīga, alors dans le gouvernement de Livonie, aujourd hui en Lettonie le 20 février… …   Wikipédia en Français

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